On Wednesday 7 mars 2018, French Prime Minister Eduard Philippe presented a three-year plan to reduce the gender pay gap. In France, the gap ranges between 9.9%, 26% and 30%. Among the measures proposed by the government is the intensification of inspections by the Labor Inspectorate to ensure that for the same job an employee receives equal pay.
In addition, in the autumn of 2019 an “equality report” will be drawn up in each school, an initiative inspired by a high school in Val-d’Oise. Local contracts will also be signed between prefects, judges, hospitals and associations to create an “alarm network” system to better recognize domestic violence.
A Geographical Allocation Platform of emergency shelters for women who are victims of domestic violence, accessible only to professionals (associations, emergency doctors, social workers) will also be developed. “In 2018, 2000 shelters will be provided to support these women and their children,” said Marlène Schiappa, Secretary of State to the Prime Minister, in charge of Equality between women and men.
85% of French women are working, according to the INSEE (National Statistic Institute) data published on March 7, 2017. However, French women are most affected by reduced activity and periods of unemployment. Compared to fathers, mothers are more likely to have part-time jobs.
According to the INSEE, the difference between net wages for men and women in France is 19%. Depending on the field of activity, age, occupational status and employment (full or part time), the wage gap is slightly below 10%. A female candidate who is of the same age and has the same qualifications as her male colleague, earns 10% less while doing the same job. Women’s incomes remain on average 26% lower than men’s. According to a report published by the Ministry of Women’s Rights in 2014, French women occupy 80% of precarious jobs.
In 2017, 35 organizations, trade unions, women and youth associations and NGOs organized an unprecedented mobilization to protest the wage gap. Women gathered at precisely 15.40 across France, which is the The reason for the specific time is because women in France are paid until that time and not until their work ends at 5 or 6 in the afternoon. The overall goal of the organizers was to celebrate equality on that day.